of silver birch and conifer roams the hangul. Rare and on the verge
of extinction till a few years ago, the national park at Dachigam
contains the last viable hangul population in the world. Related
to the red deer of Europe, this breed is characterized by its white
rump patch and impressive spread of antlers.
At one time
the exclusive hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Kashmir, it was
declared a national park in 1951, and owing to a strictly enforced
conservation programme, the hangul population, once 150, now stands
at over 400 animals.
spread over an area of 141 sq km, is the home of 20 mammal species
including the leopard and over 150 species of avifauna. Open throughout
the year, there is no prime viewing season, as the visitor will
find something of interest all through the year.
76 km from Srinagar, near Pahalgam, it has an area of 32 sq km,
and is famed for its many species of pheasants. It sustains 13 species
of mammals and over 80 species of birds. The best time to visit
the sanctuary for mammal viewing is September to April and for bird
viewing from March to August.
76 km from Srinagar, near Pahalgam, it has an area of 32 sq km.
Several species of birds as wed as fauna are found here - musk deer,
brown bear, leopard to name a few. The altitudinal range varies
from 3,000 to 5,425 metros above sea level. Prime viewing time for
the upper areas is from May to August. In the lower areas, for bird
viewing the best time is March to May and for animal viewing from
September to March.
Gulmarg Biosphere Reserve
48 km from
Srinagar, the reserve has an area of lS0 so km. and an altitudinal
range of 2,400 - 4,300 metres above sea level. Fauna includes Himalayan
musk deer, red fox, brown and blackbear. Among avifauna are upland
birds, both resident and migratory. The best time for animal viewing
is September to March and for bird viewing March to May.